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Soil preparation

To prepare a seed bed or the elimination of weed bush will make use of different soil cultivation practices. For primary soil cultivation equipment such as tillers, rotary tillers, ploughs or stone burier can be used. In this mechanical intervention, the soil is not only superficial releease but reaches a released mixing or turning the soil in a working depth of 15 cm. The secondary soil cultivation is limited usually to the top, up to 10 cm thick soil layer and is used to prepare the seed bed. There are used power harrows and levelling rakes.
usage

Soil preparation

In case of light up to middle-heavy grounds with the rotavator a fi nished seed or plant bed can be prepared in one process. The slower the rotavator will be driven and the quicker the rotavator shaft rotates, the fi ner the ground will be loosened. Furthermore organic material can be included with the rotavator (for example cover crops).

The stone burier is a special construction in which the rotavator shaft rotates reversely to the rotating direction of the tractor wheels. The soil cut out by the rotavator blades is thrown against a sieve whereby stones and rough plant rests are separated from the fine soil and subsequently is covered by this. So you can get a seed bed free from stones and other annoying materials and finely crumbed.

After ploughing soils can be treated with a wheeled hoe. Larger soil clods are shreddered, soil is loosened and distributed evenly on the surface.

Uneven surfaces can be balanced with the equalizing belt and soil material can be put on the surfaces equally.

suitable machines

The ridger is mainly used in cultivation of vegetables and potatoes. With this working implement, the soil is ridged on the plants. The produced dikes dry quicker and warm up stronger than even soil. Danger of rot is therefore reduced and growth of the plants is stimulated.

The ground will be loosened and perfectly ventilated. Furthermore organic material can be included in the ground consistently when preparing the seed bed by ploughing.

When cultivating with a hay-bob-tine cultivator or a draw hook in first line breaking up of the vegetable soil is obtained. It disroots the weed and the water and nutrients supply is improved. Hay-bob-tine cultivator and draw hook are often used in linear plantings as they do not penetrate deeply into soil and consequently do not endanger roots of the cultural plants.

Power hoes are essentially used in order to loosen up the already cultivated grounds. This allows nutrients and water to penetrate deeper into the vegetable soil. Mechanical weed control is also possible with this hoe. In contrast to the rotavator equipment, the forward and reverse drive is not generated by a seperate drive shaft, but by the chipper type itself.